It is said that “With the advancement and improvement in wireless technologies shown by the introduction of 4G and 5G wireless network technologies, the extent of the potential ‘overspill’ of the transmission has reduced, lowering the risk of interference with aviation”
It is said because of this, the guard band was reduced to 220MHz in the USA, creating more space for allocation of frequencies for 5G network services.
According to the media, reports states that the American communications industry has shown after extensive testing that there is no evidence to suggest that the safety of the aviation industry will be tampered with, by 5G.
The Federal Government has given a hint that Abuja, Lagos, Rivers, Kaduna, Gombe, and Anambra will be the first six states to enjoy fifth-generation technology (5G tech) in Nigeria between 2022 and 2023 as noted by Minister of Communications and Digital Economy, Isa Pantami.
It said in a statement, “The context in Nigeria is different. The guard band that exists between the spectrum frequencies allocated by the NCC for 5G services and those allocated to the aviation industry remains in the region of 400MHz, in sequence with the guidelines given by the National Frequency Management Council.
This therefore means that there is no greater risk of interference with 5G networks.
Due to the debate going on in USA over the risks of the 5G interference with the aviation security and equipment.
ALTON says it understands the concern and noted that mobile networks, just like radio, TV and other broadcast services, do operate using bands of spectrum (frequency ranges) that has been given by the government to allow the transmission of different services and has said the likelihood of interference between the aviation industry and 5G network is very low.
According to the association, , “there is no greater risk of interference with 5G networks than there is with any of the existing transmissions taking place in the frequencies adjacent to those used by radio-altimeters.”
It also said, “To guarantee the effort in implementing and initiating the 5G plan, the National Communications Commission has been directed to team up with important agencies under the Ministry of Communications and Digital Economy, and all other stakeholders to achieve the aims and objectives of this National Policy.
And with the approval of this national policy, the implementation and initiation is to start immediately to reach major cities across the different geopolitical zones of the country e.g. Abuja, Lagos, Rivers, Kaduna, Gombe, Anambra, and other states by 2025.”
It added that winners of the 5G auction previously conducted have until February 2022 to pay for the spectrum, or they lose it.
The official date of the licence will begin counting after payment.
The launch of commercial 5G services in the country within 12 months after the effective date of the licence.
5G tech is said to be faster than earlier digital technologies and it provides a near real-time communication which plays an important role in boosting the efforts towards improving and advancing security across the nation at large.
Buhari states “It will enable our security institutions to effectively deploy robotics, autonomous vehicles, augmented and virtual reality to address any security challenges that we face,” he said at the launch of the national policy, which was presented and approved at the Federal Executive Council meeting on September 8, 2021, following a prolonged debate.”